Impact of equine assisted therapy on the cardiovascular parameters of the elderly

Main Article Content

Edneia Correa Mello
Lunna Honorato Diniz
Janaina Brandão Lage
Valéria Silva Monteiro
Mariane Fernandes Ribeiro
Rodrigo César Rosa
Domingos Emanuel Bevilacqua Junior
Fabrízio Antônio Gomide Cardoso
Vicente de Paula Antunes Teixeira
Ana Paula Espindula

Abstract

Introduction: Physical activity programs in the elderly aim to prevent and/or reduce the functional decline resulting from the senescence process. Several studies provide evidence that Equine Assisted Therapy (EAT) is an effective means of improving health. However, studies addressing the effects of EATon the cardiovascular system are scarce. Objective: To evaluate the effect of Equine Assisted Therapyon the cardiovascular responses of participants divided into two groups: normotensive and hypertensive. Methods: Twenty individuals participated, aged between 60 and 79 years, divided into three groups: Normotensive Group (n=14), Hypertensive Group (n=6) and all participants, Total Group (n=20). The Omron® HEM 742 blood pressure monitor was used to measure blood pressure and the Gerathem® portable finger oximeter to measure heart rate and blood oxygen saturation. Ten visits were made once a week, lasting 30 minutes. Results: Between the first and tenth interventions, there was a reduction in blood pressure and heart rate, with statistical significance of systolic blood pressure for the Hypertensive Group (p=0.0478), the Total Group (p=0.0201) and diastolic pressure for the Total Group (p=0.0421). There was also a statistically significant difference in systolic blood pressure and heart rate during some visits. Blood oxygen saturation increased after the intervention, but without statistical significance. Conclusion: Equine Assisted Therapy can promote a reduction in blood pressure in the elderly, especially hypertensive individuals.

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Mello, E. C., Diniz, L. H., Lage, J. B., Monteiro, V. S., Ribeiro, M. F., Rosa, R. C., Bevilacqua Junior, D. E., Cardoso, F. A. G., Teixeira, V. de P. A., & Espindula, A. P. (2021). Impact of equine assisted therapy on the cardiovascular parameters of the elderly. ABCS Health Sciences, 46, e021216. https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.2019161.1430
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Original Articles

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