Childhood apraxia of speech evaluation in autism spectrum disorders: three clinical cases report

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Fernanda Cristina Reis Merli Martins
Fernanda Prada Machado
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5535-3864
Caroline Santos Rodrigues da Silva
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1455-4509
Ruth Ramalho Ruivo Palladino

Abstract

Introduction: Among the communication impairments found in subjects with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), recently the literature has suggested a comorbid relationship with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). The aim of the present study was to report the CAS assessment of 3 children diagnosed with ASD. Report: The subjects were three children aged 4 to 6 years, with a medical diagnosis of ASD. The language development assessment (LDA) was performed in the subjects, as well as the ABFW vocabulary evaluation and oral praxis (verbal, orofacial, a sequence of movements, and parallel movements) and evaluation of vocal, prosodic, and speech characteristics. All subjects had moderate language delay with better performance in the receptive area. Difficulties in oral praxis tasks were more evident in one of the subjects. Vocal, prosodic and speech features of all the cases were compatible with CAS. Conclusion: In the 3 cases reported, CAS signs were identified with impaired oral motor skills, prosody, and oral praxis, as well as inconsistent speech sound production.

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How to Cite
Martins, F. C. R. M., Machado, F. P., Silva, C. S. R. da, & Palladino, R. R. R. (2021). Childhood apraxia of speech evaluation in autism spectrum disorders: three clinical cases report. ABCS Health Sciences, 46, e021401. https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.2019165.1434
Section
Reports
Author Biographies

Fernanda Cristina Reis Merli Martins, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC) - São Paulo (SP), Brazil

fonoaudióloga, mestre em Fonoaudiologia pelo Programa de estudos pós-graduados em Fonoaudiologia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo

Fernanda Prada Machado, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC) - São Paulo (SP), Brazil

fonoaudióloga, doutora em Fonoaudiologia pela PUC-Sp, pós-doutorado pelo Programa de estudos pós-graduados em Fonoaudiologia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo

Caroline Santos Rodrigues da Silva, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC) - São Paulo (SP), Brazil

fonoaudióloga, mestranda em Fonoaudiologia pelo Programa de estudos pós-graduados em Fonoaudiologia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo

Ruth Ramalho Ruivo Palladino, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC) - São Paulo (SP), Brazil

Fonoaudióloga, doutora em Psicanálise pela PUC-SP. Docente do curso de Fonoaudiologia e do Programa de estudos pós-graduados em Fonoaudiologia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo

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