Rheumatic diseases and associated factors in older adults: a Brazilian population-based study

Main Article Content

Mirelle Oliveira Saes
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7225-1552
Karla Pereira Machado
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1765-1435
Luiz Augusto Facchini
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5746-5170
Elaine Thumé
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1169-8884

Abstract

Introduction: Rheumatic diseases have high occurrence in older adults, which may lead to a reduction in independence and quality of life. Objective: To calculate prevalence and to identify factors associated with rheumatic diseases in older adults of the urban area of a municipality in Southern Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional population-based study, conducted in 2008 in the city of Bagé-RS, Brazil with older adults aged 60 years or over. The outcome was defined from the question "Has any doctor told you that you have rheumatism, arthritis or arthrosis?" Poisson regression was used for the crude and adjusted analysis. Results: A total of 1,593 participants were interviewed. 27.3% (95% CI 25.0-29.5) reported having medical diagnosis of at least one of the rheumatic diseases studied. In the adjusted analysis, it was found that female sex (RP=2.86; 95% CI 2.28-3.59; p≤0.001), without schooling (RP=1.24; 95% CI 1.0-1.58; p=0.047), not living alone (RP=1.29; 95% CI 1.03-1.61; p=0.024), poor self-perception of health (PR=1.54; 95% CI 1.63-2.02; p=0.001), spinal problems (PR=1,96; 95% CI 1.67-2.31; p≤0.001), fall in the last year (PR=1.22; 95% CI 1.04-1.43; p=0.013), incapacity for instrumental activities of daily living (PR=1.20; 95% CI 1.02-1.41; p=0.028) and healthcare appointment in the last 3 months (PR=1.20; 95% CI 1.01-1.42; p=0.035) were associated with the presence of rheumatic diseases (rheumatism, arthritis and arthrosis). Conclusion: It is suggested that care of musculoskeletal problems of the spine should be increased, in order to reduce falls and functional disability in older adults, based on actions focused on the prevention of these problems.

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How to Cite
Saes, M. O., Machado, K. P., Facchini, L. A., & Thumé, E. (2021). Rheumatic diseases and associated factors in older adults: a Brazilian population-based study. ABCS Health Sciences, 46, e021218. https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.2020049.1498
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Mirelle Oliveira Saes, Programa de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (UFRG) – Rio Grande (RS), Brazil

Docente no Programa de Ciências da Saúde. Doutora em Ciências da Saúde. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG

Karla Pereira Machado, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Pública, UFRG – Rio Grande (RS), Brazil. /Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel) – Pelotas (RS), Brazil

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem

Luiz Augusto Facchini, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel) – Pelotas (RS), Brazil

Docente no Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem da UFPel / Programa de Pós-graduação em Epidemiologia da UFPel. Doutor em Medicina. Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Elaine Thumé, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Docente no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem - UFPel. Doutora em Epidemiologia. Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Pelotas, RS, Brasil

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