Validation of standard operating procedure for oral hygienization of intubated and tracheostomized patients
Main Article Content
Introduction: In Intensive Care Units, oral hygiene is a care action directly related to the safety and well-being of the patient, being one of the main ways of preventing Pneumonia Associated with Mechanical Ventilation. Although relevant, the recommendations and standardization on oral hygiene among critically ill patients are diffuse. Objective: To construct and validate a standard operating procedure (SOP) for oral hygiene performed by the nursing team for intubated and tracheostomized patients in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methods: Methodological study developed in five stages: technical-scientific support; construction of SOP; recruitment and selection of experts; validation and presentation of the final version. The SOP was subjected to validation by judges with academic and/or clinical expertise (n=13) from all regions of Brazil, who assessed the validity criteria for each SOP item: Scope, Clarity, Coherence, Criticism, Objectivity, Scientific writing; Relevance, Sequence, and Uniqueness. The Content Validity Indices (CVI) of each validity criterion, SOP item, and the general CVI were calculated. Results: The experts were nurses (38.5%), dentists (38.5%), doctors (15.4%) and physiotherapists (7.7%). None of the SOP items had a CVI lower than 0.80. The general CVI was 0.95 and the experts' suggestions were mostly accepted (78.6%). The final version is available as an infographic, which illustrates the stages of the oral hygiene process of the intubated and tracheostomized patient. Conclusion: The constructed SOP has a satisfactory face and content validity, making a final total of 43 items to be used for oral hygiene of intubated and tracheostomy patients.
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