FMR1 alleles in women with idiopathic infertility

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Mariana Mataruco Rodrigues
Bianca Bianco
Itatiana Ferreira Rodart
Caio Parente Barbosa
Denise Maria Christofolini

Abstract

Introduction: The frequency of the premutated alleles of the FMR1 gene varies from 1: 100 to 1: 260 Israeli, Canadian, Finnish and American women, but it is unknown in Brazil. Premutation carriers may have reduced reproductive age and are at risk of transmitting the expanded allele to their offspring, and consequently fragile X syndrome. Objective: To observe the distribution range of the FMR1 gene alleles in a population of women with idiopathic infertility, without symptoms of premature ovarian insufficiency. Methods: The presence of premutation in FMR1 was assessed by conventional PCR, agarose and acrylamide gel and analysis of fragments in capillary electrophoresis. From the lymphocyte DNA obtained from 283 women undergoing infertility treatment. Results: It was observed that 169 patients had the normal heterozygous allele (59.7%), 114 had the normal homozygous allele (40.6%) and no patient had the premutation. Premature ovarian insufficiency is seen in 20 to 30% of women with the premutated allele. Thus, the condition can be asymptomatic in a large part of the premutation carriers. Brazil has a diverse population and, therefore, the allele frequencies of many gene variants are unknown. Previous Brazilian studies have shown a low frequency of the premutated allele in different patient cohorts. Corroborating these articles, the results demonstrated that the frequency of the premutated allele is low in the infertile women population studied. Conclusion: Tracking the size of the FMR1 gene alleles allows the expansion of knowledge about the frequency of risk alleles associated to genetic diseases in the Brazilian population.

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Rodrigues, M. M., Bianco, B., Rodart, I. F., Barbosa, C. P., & Christofolini, D. M. (2022). FMR1 alleles in women with idiopathic infertility. ABCS Health Sciences, 47, e022218. https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.2020213.2045
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Original Articles

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