The benefits of neurofunctional physiotherapy in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: a systematic review

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Maria Talita dos Santos Guimarães
Vanessa Donato do Vale
Tsutomu Aoki

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system that affects both the upper and lower motor neurons, causing weakness and a progressive decrease in functional skills. Among health professionals, there is a lack of information on the objectives and benefits of physical therapy in this population. The objective of this study was to identify the results of neurofunctional physical therapy in patients with ALS. A search of the Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, IBECS, and PEDro databases was performed by using the following keywords: “amyotrophic lateral sclerosis”, “spasticity”, “muscle strength”, “fatigue”, “physical therapy”, “rehabilitation”, “exercise”, and “quality of life”. The search led to analyze the results of two articles reviewing the data obtained from a moderate intensity home exercises program that was or was not associated with another therapeutic approach. The studies found showed less deterioration, according to the ALS Functional Rating Scale and decreased spasticity. In conclusion, neurofunctional physical therapy was shown to be effective in maintaining the functionality of patients with ALS for longer periods.

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How to Cite
Guimarães, M. T. dos S., Vale, V. D. do, & Aoki, T. (2016). The benefits of neurofunctional physiotherapy in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: a systematic review. ABCS Health Sciences, 41(2). https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.v41i2.874
Section
Review Articles

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