Feelings reported by adolescents after food ingestion: a comparative study

Main Article Content

Naíza Carvalho Rodrigues
Marize Melo dos Santos
Suzana Maria Rebêlo Sampaio da Paz
Adriana de Azevedo Paiva
Thaís Rodrigues Nogueira
Betânia de Jesus e Silva de Almendra Freitas
Cecília Maria Resende Gonçalves de Carvalho

Abstract

Introduction: Food is closely linked with emotions in a complex relationship. The imaginary and symbolic meaning attributed to food has been little studied and the act of eating needs to be better understood. Objective: To analyze the association of adolescents´ feelings to selected foods. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 995 adolescents from public and private schools in Teresina, PI, Brazil. It was a Supplementary Project to the Brazilian national survey ERICA (Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes). Adolescents had to choose one of the following feelings to selected food: well-being/satisfaction, malaise, no feeling, aversion. For the option aversion, the participant had to indicate if it was related to smell, color, appearance, or taste. Adolescents´ feelings to foods were analyzed by type of school, sex, and age range, using Pearson's chi-square (c²) or Fisher's exact tests. Results: There was significant differences regarding the type of school for the feeling to chocolate (p=0.015); vegetables (p=0.003); leafy greens (p=0.005); healthy sandwich/natural fruit juice (p≤0.001); high fat red meat (p=0.046); fruit/natural fruit juice (p≤0.001). For sex, there was significant difrerences for healthy sandwich/natural fruit juice (p=0.001); beans and rice (p=0.021) and high fat red meat (p=0.005). There was significant differences between age groups for sandwich, chips, soda and ice cream (p=0.018); pasta (p=0.047) and high fat red meat (p=0.021). Well-being predominated in almost all foods and aversion was poorly reported. Conclusion: The results suggest that adolescents' feelings are not directed to specific foods.

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How to Cite
Rodrigues, N. C., Santos, M. M. dos, Paz, S. M. R. S. da, Paiva, A. de A., Nogueira, T. R., Freitas, B. de J. e S. de A., & Carvalho, C. M. R. G. de. (2020). Feelings reported by adolescents after food ingestion: a comparative study. ABCS Health Sciences, 45, e020014. https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.45.2020.1323
Section
Original Articles
Author Biography

Naíza Carvalho Rodrigues, Graduate Program in Food and Nutrition, Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI) – Teresina (PI), Brazil

Professor titular do Curso de Graduação em Nutrição e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Alimentos e Nutrição - Departamento de Nutrição da Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI). Nutricionista, doutora em Ciência da Nutrição. Bacharel em Direito -Tutora do Programa de Educação Tutorial - UFPI

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