Basic life support training in schools

Main Article Content

Romualdo Parente de Souza
João Carlos Pina Faria
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0674-5607

Abstract

Older children and adolescents are able to learn and perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers in a satisfactory manner. Schools are places where training in basic life support can be carried out. This narrative review was carried out to assess the effectiveness of training in basic life support in schools, analyzing different learning methodology, age groups, and gaining confidence in performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a real situation. The search was conducted in the MEDLINE database. Articles published from 01/01/2014 to 12/31/2019, with children under 18 years of age, published in English, Portuguese and Spanish, were selected. Three hundred and nine articles were found, of which 15 met the inclusion criteria in the study. There was great heterogeneity in the methodologies evaluated, making it difficult to compare some studies. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation taught to school children has resulted in the retention of skills and knowledge. There was a direct relationship between age group and quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Learning cardiopulmonary resuscitation can also change the stigma and fear associated with procedures. We conclude that the teaching of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by different methodologies is effective in the learning of children and adolescents and improves their confidence in doing it. Although older than 12 years of age have a greater ability for depth of compression, other points of basic life support can be developed in younger children.

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Article Details

How to Cite
Souza, R. P. de, & Faria, J. C. P. (2021). Basic life support training in schools. ABCS Health Sciences, 46, e021303. https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.2020051.1499
Section
Review Articles
Author Biography

João Carlos Pina Faria, Departamento de Pediatria, Setor de Urgências e Emergências Pediátricas, FMABC – Santo André (SP), Brazil.

Preceptor do curso de medicina da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, departamento de pediatria, setor de urgências e emergências pediátricas

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