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Introduction: The human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and the lower genital tract carcinogenesis. Objective: To evaluate the previous knowledge and the function of educational action towards the reaction regarding the vaccine for Human Papilomavírus (HPV). Methods: Intervention study, like randomized clinical trial, considering 200 18-30 year-old women, divided in two groups submitted to a questionnaire to evaluate the previous knowledge about HPV and its vaccine, and the attitude for the vaccination, with one of the groups receiving intervention through educational action. Results: The attitude towards the vaccine against HPV was different in the group that received the educational action, with 37% of proper personal attitude (p=0,044) and 49% in the transference to a likely daughter (p=0,021). Conclusion: The previous knowledge about HPV and its vaccine is scarce, insufficient and sometimes mistaken. Through the comparison of attitude between different groups it was confirmed that the educational action does a determinant role to the correct women’s attitude to the vaccine against HPV and modifies the conditions of its accession.
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